Female alopecia has different causes varying from genetics to medical conditions.
Also known as female pattern hair loss, androgenetic alopecia is one of the most frequent causes of hair loss for women.
It affects 12% of women by the age of 30 and up to 40% after menopause.
The mechanisms of hair loss are not completely understood.
However, it is accepted that male hormones play a role.
Androgenetic alopecia presents itself as thinning and sparse hair, resulting in miniaturization.
Miniaturization is a progressive process of thinning and shortening of the hair.
The end stage of miniaturization is permanent hair disappearance.
Besides miniaturization, there is a larger number of hair in the resting phase, which causes more hair to fall out.
Além da miniaturização, também se observa uma maior queda de cabelos.
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Hormonal role in female alopecia
Male hormones, also called androgens, seem to play a role in female pattern hair loss.
Although there is evidence that androgens can contribute to female hair loss, the levels of testosterone, its precursors and metabolites are usually normal.
On the other hand, female hormones, such as progesterone and estrogen, seem to act in an opposite way.
The protective effect of female hormones causes a decrease of progress in female hair loss when they take oral contraceptives or during pregnancy.
Signs of female pattern hair loss
Women usually take longer than men to realize that they are experiencing hair loss.
The reason is perhaps the lack of knowledge about female alopecia.
Culturally, baldness is a male characteristic.
Therefore, women are not used to thinking about baldness as a possibility.
Furthermore, it is more difficult to notice female alopecia because the evolution of hair loss of women is more diffused and slower than male alopecia.
So, it is important to distinguish whether hair loss or thin hair may actually be female alopecia.
Doppio Clinic has an appropriate infrastructure to evaluate and treat your hair loss. Doppio Clinic is headed by a hair loss specialist physician who leads a team of professionals prepared to help you with your hair problems.
Make an appointment today to get the information and advice about your hair loss.
+55 (11) 93801-1653
+55 (11) 3853-9175
Av. Lavandisca, 777, 3º andar
Moema, São Paulo - SP
Female pattern hair loss degree
The Ludwig scale was designed to classify the degree of female pattern hair loss.
The scale is a good visual reference to determine the hair involvement and the chance of recovery after treatment.
Associated medical conditions
Polycystic ovary syndrome or other conditions linked to androgens may be present.
Some examples of androgen signs are acne, menstrual cycle irregularities and hair on unusual body parts.a